During the developmental stage of the game, the members of the Federal Republic of Carolina found necessary to make changes to our Constitution and the name of our alliance. Henceforth this day of April 5, 2014 the Federal Republic of Carolina is officially now the United States of Terra. There are several changes to our Constitution, which can be read below.
The United States of Terra is commencing its foreign affairs outreach beginning with the G-10 invitational. We have established an IRC channel (#UST) and are in the process of creating a forum. We encourage all alliances to send representatives to our IRC channel and forum, once our forum is established.
We have an interim government set in place until our May 1 election takes place. The interim government is as follows:
Vice President- Quintin
The Constitution of the United States of Terra
Preamble We, the citizens of the United States of Terra, hereby establish this Constitution to serve as the supreme law of this Union. Through Order, Strength, and Unity, our Federation of United States shall prosper. Article 1: The Executive Branch
Section 1: President
The executive power of the United States of Terra shall be vested in a President. He or she shall hold the office for a term of 120 days, or four months, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term.
Section 1.1: Powers of the President
The President will have executive powers over the following:
- Serving as the head-of-state of the alliance
- Serving as the Commander-in-Chief of the alliance’s Armed Forces
- Appointing Supreme Republican Court Judges
- Vetoing laws
Section 1.2: Eligibility for Office
No citizen shall be eligible for the office of President or Vice President unless he or she has been a citizen the United States of Terra for a period of at least 60 consecutive days. Citizens who give up their citizenship within the United States of Terra must regain their citizenship and maintain a period of at least 90 consecutive days of membership before being eligible for the office of President or Vice President.
Section 1.3: Terms and Elections
Presidential terms shall last 120 days. Concurrently, elections shall take place once every 120 days, or four months, beginning on the first day of the first new month following the adoption of this Constitution. Each citizen shall have one vote. All citizens shall be eligible to vote unless that right has revoked or suspended by Congress. There shall be no term limits for the office of President or Vice President.
Section 2: Executive Departments
There shall be four Executive Departments each managed by a Sectary. Secretaries are appointed by the President. They must receive confirmation by Congress before being eligible to take office.
Section 2.1: Internal Affairs Department
The Internal Affairs department will manage all affairs regarding the internal structure of the alliance. These affairs may include, but are not limited to, managing membership applications, conducting roll calls, enforcing this Constitution and all other laws passed by Congress, and educating new citizens.
Section 2.2: Foreign Affairs Department
The Foreign Affairs Department will manage all affairs regarding the foreign affairs of the alliance. These affairs may include, but are not limited to, establishing and maintaining relations with foreign alliances, appointing diplomats and ambassadors to foreign alliances, and proposing treaties with foreign alliances to Congress.
Section 2.3: Military Affairs Department
The Military Affairs Department will manage all affairs regarding war and defense. These affairs may include, but are not limited to, maintaining and managing a military for defense of the alliance and establishing alliance war policies.
Section 2.4: Financial Affairs Department
The Financial Affairs Department will manage all affairs regarding the financial aspects of the alliance. These affairs may include, but are not limited to, managing the alliance bank, financial programs, and establishing economic policies.
Section 3: Order of Succession, Vacancy, and Absence Clauses
When a government officer is unable to perform the duties of their office in times of absence, the next highest government officer shall serve in the vacant office. The subsequent Order of Succession shall be followed: President, Vice President, Sectaries of Internal Affairs, Military Affairs, Foreign Affairs, and Economic Affairs.
In the case of the removal or resignation of the President, the Vice President shall become President immediately upon the vacancy of the Presidential office. Once the vacancy has been acknowledged by all members of Congress, the Vice President will then take office as President. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by Congress.
When in the case of absence, the next highest government officer shall serve as President or Vice President, whichever is absent, following the Order of Succession established in section 3, subsection 1.
Article 2: The Legislative Branch
The legislative powers of the alliance shall be vested in the Congress. Congress shall consist of three citizens who are elected following the adoption of this Constitution. Congress members will serve permanently until resignation or removal from office. Members of Congress shall equally represent all citizens of the United States of Terra.
Section 1: Powers of Congress
Congress will have legislative powers over the following:
- Impeaching Judges of the Supreme Republican Court for failure to uphold the Constitution
- Setting the alliance tax rate
- Declaring war and establishing peace, only in defense of the alliance
- Overriding an executive veto
- Establishing and amending the rules for citizenship
- Establishing and amending the rules for amendments and law proposals
- Raising and supporting an army for the defense of the alliance
- Creating and approving laws necessary and proper
- Creating the alliance budget
- Creating and approving treaties
- Changing the number of seats in Congress
- Confirming Secretaries of the Executive Departments
- Confirming Supreme Republican Court Judges
Article 3: The Judicial Branch
The Judicial powers of the United States of Terra shall be vested in the Supreme Republican Court. The Supreme Republican Court shall consist of one citizen. He or she will be appointed by the President with Congressional approval. The Supreme Republican Court Judge will serve permanently until resignation or removal from office.
Section 1: Powers of the Supreme Republican Court
The Supreme Republican Court Judge will have judicial powers over the following:
- Declaring illegal laws unconstitutional
- Declaring illegal executive acts unconstitutional
- Declaring illegal wars unconstitutional
- Impeaching government officers for violation of the Constitution
- Reviewing and overturning the illegal suspension of rights of a citizen
- Reviewing and overturning the illegal expulsion of a citizen
Article 4: Citizenship Section 1: Admission to Federal Republic of Carolina Prospective citizens must meet the following requirements before being granted citizenship. Once he or she meets the following citizenship criteria, they may be granted citizenship within the Federal Republic of Carolina. The requirements are as follows:
- Prospect citizen cannot be at war
- Prospect citizen cannot be in peace mode
- Prospect citizen must have the alliance affiliation ‘Federal Republic of Carolina
- Prospect citizen must register on the alliance forum
- Prospect citizen must apply for citizenship
Section 2: Suspension of Rights and Expulsion Any member found to be in violation of the rules, ordinances, or laws set forth by Congress or the provisions of this Constitution may be subject to review by Sectary of Internal Affairs, and may be suspended of their rights or expelled from the alliance. Any behavior or action that may put the welfare of any citizen or the alliance in jeopardy may also serve as reason for the offender’s rights to be suspended or expelled from the alliance.
Article 5: Impeachment If any government official is found to be in violation of this Constitution or is deemed incompetent to be in office, he or she shall be subject to impeachment. Impeachment may be attained by a three-fourths majority vote, by the citizenship, in favor of the impeachment. Upon the successful impeachment of the President, the Vice President shall take the office of President immediately. The President will then select a new Vice President and he or she shall take office upon confirmation of Congress. Article 6: Amendments and Ratification Any amendment to this Constitution must receive two-thirds approval by the alliance citizenship. Congress may block the passing of a proposed amendment if unanimously against the amendment. Amendments shall take effect immediately following its approval.